Plum is a popular Indian fruit grown extensively in China apart from India. Its plant is thorny, and depending on the varieties, the length of the plants may vary. Ripe plums are used for direct consumption. Apart from eating, soft drinks and candy are also prepared from the fruit of ber. Moreover, the Swaraj 855 tractor is suitable for farmers.
Where is Ber Cultivated
Ber can be cultivated anywhere, and you can grow its plant in the fertile and barren land. But the ground should not be soggy because ber plants get spoiled in the moisture that lasts for a long time. Ber cultivation is suitable for semi-arid and arid regions. It can be easily cultivated at an altitude of about 1000 meters above sea level. Winter season is not ideal for ber cultivation. Because its plant loses production capacity in the cold. Summer and the rainy season are suitable for ber cultivation. Initially, 20 to 22 degree temperature is ideal for ber plants. 25 to 35 degrees is appropriate for plant development, and its plant can tolerate a maximum temperature of 45 degrees only.
Once the ber plant is planted, it keeps yielding for 50 to 60 years. That’s why the field should be prepared best before planting its plant there. Ber plants are grown in pits prepared in the area. Deep ploughing is done in the field with soil turning ploughs or ploughs to make these pits. After ploughing, leave the land like this for some time. So that the sunlight penetrates deep into the soil and the harmful elements are destroyed.
After this, the rotavator is run to break the lumps of soil present in the field. After this, the soil becomes friable, and the area is levelled by placing the pavement, so there is no water-logging in the field during the rainy season. Also, Swaraj 742 is another best tractor model for farmers.
You can also prepare plum plants through seeds and cuttings. Plants designed by sources start yielding late, because of which it is more appropriate to prepare plants by pen. To plant the pen, keep the pen in polythene. After this, when the plant is ready, grow it in the pits prepared in the field. Nowadays, many such nurseries keep advanced varieties of plants, and from there also, you can buy these plants. This saves both the labour and time of the farmer. Buy only those plants from the nursery that are developing correctly and do not have any disease.
Planting of ber plants is done by preparing saplings with cuttings. Before planting ber saplings, clean the pits. After cleaning, prepare a small pit in the middle of the hole. After this, use cow urine or Bavistin to treat these pits. If there is a termite problem in the field, treat the pits with neem cake or linden powder before planting the plants. After this, take out the plants from the polythene and plant them in the pits. Now press the plant with light soil from all sides.
Planting saplings in a commercial way can be produced in two types of seasons in a year. And in the second time, the plants have to be buried in the months of August to September after the rains. Plants can be grown in any season except the cold season for transplanting only.
Plum plants do not require any unique irrigation. But initially, water has to be given for plant development. During this, ber plants should be watered immediately after sowing. Then, water is provided when needed in the rain. Then, when the flowers start blooming on the plum plants, do not give water at all, and during the formation of fruits from the flowers, give appropriate water.
The natural way is perfect. In the natural process, the first weeding of the field should be done after 3 months of sowing. After this, whenever weeds are seen in the ber field, remove them. Fully formed ber plants need only 2 weedings in a year.
Ber plant starts bearing fruits after about 3 years of sowing. Its completely grown plant produces 100 kg of fruit. The price of plum in the market is Rs 30 per kg. According to this, 3 thousand rupees can be quickly earned from one tree. This way, producing plum plants in one hectare can make a whopping amount of 30 lakh rupees.