What are Protein Fibers and Their Uses in Textile Industry

You probably think that protein fibers are rich in vitamins. Your thoughts never go into dogs. Protein fibers are soft, elastic, resilient, and strong in quality in the textile sense. These fabrics have some unique features that are essential points for choosing.  

The main source of protein fibers is the animal origin. Again, we get this kind of fabric from natural sources, resulting from amino acids and repeating polyamide units with substituting the carbon atom. The characteristics of these fabrics are followed by the sequence and the kind of acids that link together with (Alpha) Carbon Atom.

Among all other fibers in the textile industry, protein fabrics are regarded as the best. When you turn them with fabrics, they present outstanding quality. The protein fibers based fabric users are also increasing rapidly. Now Bangladesh exports different types of protein fibers based on readymade clothes worldwide. Whenever you desire a great exporter of such fabrics, you can think about buying house in Bangladesh.

What are Protein Fibers?

Protein fiber is known as natural fibers collected from different types of animals. Wool, fur, feathers, hair, and silk result from protein fibers. These types of fibers are excellent moisture absorbency. This type of fabric doesn’t gather static electrical energy. Although they are acid defiant, they are at risk to the oxidizing agent.

Here is a List of Protein Fibers:

  1. Wool fiber
  2. Silk fiber
  3. Vicuna fiber
  4. Casein fiber
  5. Alpaca fiber
  6. Angora fiber
  7. Camel fiber
  8. Mohair fiber
  9. Llama fiber
  10. Cashmere fiber

1. Wool Fiber:

Wool fibers are widely used to make clothes (warm and soft). It’s a significant protein fiber that is collected from animals. For the demand for wool clothes for the cold countries, this fiber processing and gathering continue. People use these fibre-based clothes to protect themselves from cold. The hair of the sheep, horse, camel, etc., is the main wool fibre source. It is used for making all kinds of clothing like couch covers, blankets, tablecloths, sweaters etc.

Common Features of Wool Fiber:

  • Lustrous quality
  • Giving better results in spinning
  • Good at moisture
  • Soft quality
  • Longevity

2. Silk Fiber

Silk is one of the most demanded fibers in the world. The main sources of these fibers are insects collected by a critical process of silkworms. Bombyx Mori generally eats the leaves of the mulberry tree. Silk is polypeptide based and is formed of 4 types of amino acids. These types of fibers represent excellent results during spinning. It’s strong quality fibers and excellent recovery performance depending on temperature. Underwear, lingerie, and fashionable clothes are the result of silk fibers.

Common Features of Silk Fiber:

  • Strong quality
  • Soft quality
  • Less Warmth
  • Less elasticity 

3. Vicuna Fiber

Vicuna fibers are obtained from the hair of vicuna animals. These types of fibers are popular for warmth. It has micrometre value. Although vicuna fibers with clothes are costly, people use them for their outstanding comfort and worm. Vicuna protein fibers are used for making long and short socks, sweaters, coats, shawls, blankets, etc.

Common Features of Vicuna Fibers:

  • More softness
  • More Strength
  • Good on colour absorbing
  • Larger durability
  • Elasticity

4. Casein Fiber:

 Casein protein fiber is a regenerated animal fiber. Italian chemist: Antonio Ferretti first invented this fiber from animal milk. That is why; people call it the milk fiber. Casein fibers are softer and smoother than any other fibers in the world. At present, casein fibers are blended with different kinds of wool. We get the casein fibers from the following clothing: t-shirts, sportswear, underwear, eye-mask, child’s dresses, medical accessories, thermally insulated seat covers, socks and hats, home clothes, etc.

Common Features of Casein Feature:

  • Softness and smoothness quality
  • 14% moisture quality
  • Excellent tenacity
  • Protect from heat

5. Alpaca Fiber:

Alpha fiber is a soft and strong quality fiber that ensures the good quality of fabrics originating from alpaca animal hair. It’s a unique quality fiber regarding colour absorption. It is known as non-greasy and free from oils and lanolin. However, these types fibers ensure high thermal capacity. If you desire to stay warm, your first choice should be alpaca clothing. It is famous for ideal winter clothes. Warm sweaters, jackets, pants, jumpers, hand gloves, hats, mitts, etc., result from alpaca protein fibers.

Common Feature of Alpaca Fiber:

  • Outstanding softness quality
  • Warmth
  • More elasticity
  • Longer users experience

6. Camel Fiber

Camel’s hair produces camel fibers. There are two types of humped Bactrian found in Mongolia and China (Northern Part). These camel hairs will be good quality protein fibers when you process them perfectly. Camel fibers are popular in the international market. It has a great need for knitting garments. These animal fibers are used for making tenting clothes, ropes, carpet backing, bedding etc.

Common Feature of Camel Fiber:

  • Strength
  • Good at elasticity
  • Good for making ropes

7. Mohair Fiber:

Mohair protein fiber is noted for lustrous, strong, resilient, and long-lasting fibers. These are concluding fibers are collected from Angora goat. Mohair is warm wool which is lighter than any other. Mohair is used for making garments products: sweaters, coats, suits, hats, socks, wall fabrics, carpets, craft yarns etc. However, these fibers are popular for creating high-grade doll wigs.

Common Features of Mohair Fiber:

  • Longer lasting fibers
  • Strength
  • Lustrous
  • Chemical sensitive fibers

8. Llamas Fiber:

Llama’s protein fibers are popular for outerwear and knitwear. Llamas are found in South American camelids. Their hairs are used for making fibers. In Bolivia, these fibers are produced largely. It requires making coarse clothing, carpets, ropes, braids and like others think.

  • Strength
  • Long-lasting capability
  • Lustrous

9. Zein Fiber

Zein protein fibers come through the special process of maize and corn. These types of fibres are normally soft, strong and tough quality. Zein fibre-based fabric is effective for making warm clothes. It is capable of 140 degrees temperature. It slightly combines with cotton fibres. It is perfect for making stylish sweaters, blankets and pile fabrics.

Common Feature of Zein Fabric:

  • Longer durability
  • Soft in quality
  • Temperature Capable
  • Warmth

10. Cashmere Fiber: 

Cashmere is a well-known lightweight fiber. It’s very wavy and opaque with thickness. However, these protein fibers are collected from Mongolia’s best quality sheep’s hairs. They are effective because of 24 microns thick. These protein fabrics are largely needed to make different types of hand gloves, shawls, scarves, etc. 

Common Features of Cashmere Fiber

  • Easy on colour matching
  • Silky
  • Lighter
  • Warmth
  • Beautiful finishing

Final Thought:

After a brief discussion, we conclude that fibers are a crucial need in the apparel industry. Different fibers indicate various characteristics. However, the mentioning protein fibers play a great role in building the garment industry. Science and modern technology help us to use protein fibers based clothing.

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